Depending on your point of
view, they were either artistic farmers who liked to go away on holiday
a lot - and discovered America centuries before Columbus - or
invaders of much of Europe for hundreds of years. Fascinating
stuff, either way.
emigrated to America, especially in the 100 years starting around 1825.
Finding oil in the 1960's,
along the boundary between Norway and Britain, transformed the economy
and finances of Norway.
Fishing - as schoolchildren
all over Europe know - has always been important to Norway, and continues
to be today. It employs many people in many small ports and
harbours all along the coast. Fishing rights are also one of
the main reasons why Norway has so far chosen not to join the EU.
The sardine canning industry
was big news from 1880 to 1920 - much of Stavanger was built on it
- but the fish stocks depleted and the last factory here closed recently.
The fish have now started to return!